The traffic problem has tremendous effects on the way of life of Bangkokians, causing both physical and mental stresses. The environmental impact from the Bangkok traffic, especially air pollution, not only causes health problems, but also economic losses, such as wasted energy and opportunities. There are certain immeasurable costs of the quality of life that are becoming more and more critical. To solve the problem, cooperation and ideas from all sides are needed to arrive at remedial measures.
Realizing the traffic problem in the Greater Bangkok Area, the government has planned on the Mass Rapid Transit System for a long time starting from 1971 with an aide from the German government in sending a team for experts to conduct a study and a master plan for traffic and transportation in the Greater Bangkok Area. But the project has had to face with numerous problems in implementation due to the project's mega size and high investment cost. Adding to this is the policy problem. All these attribute to the project being unable to launch and the delay has been prolonged until 1992.
The Cabinet of H.E. Prime Minister Mr.Anand Panyarachun imposed the policy that the Government would construct the Mass Rapid Transit System in the Greater Bangkok Area it self, thus resolved on 28 July 1992 that the Metropolitan Rapid Transit Authority (MRTA) be founded under the Office of the Prime Minister. The organization would have a status of state enterprise under the Act on Establishment of the Government Organizations B.E. 2496 (1953), and is responsible for the implementation of projects on Mass Rapid Transit System in the Greater Bangkok Area. The Royal Decree Establishing the Metropolitan Rapid Transit Authority B.E. 2535 (1992) was announced in the Royal Gazette on 20 August 1992 and effected on 21 August 1992.
Where as the Royal Decree Establishing the Metropolitan Rapid Transit Authority B.E. 2535 has certain limitations on its provisions resulting in the inflexibility and inefficiency on the establishment, management and services of MRT trains as will as in maintaining public safety; and together with the fact that the need for MRT activity is now immensely increased, it is expedient to revise the provisions regarding the power and duties of MRTA so as to operate MRT business more systematically and efficiently. So, in the year 2000” Metropolitan Rapid Transit Authority” was renamed “Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand” under the Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand Act B.E. 2543 (2000) which took effect from December 2, 2000. According to the Act, MRTA is authorised to operate Mass Rapid Transit Systems within the Greater Bangkok Area and other provinces, which will be stipulated in the Royal Decree, or between the provinces and to run business related to the MRT enterprise and other business for the benefit of MRTA and the passengers.
For more information visit http://www.mrta.co.th